I want to give a brief discussion of the history of CQC, or close quarters combat. I am hardly an historian so if I have missed something, please let me know here.
The first thing I will say is that you will never see more animosity, petty bickering, or jealousy outside of a teenage cheerleader locker room than you will see in the martial arts community or firearms training community. Everyone steals from everyone and everyone reinvents things for their own benefit. Recently I read an article about a trainer’s discovery of “P.A.D.E. or Perceive, Analyze, Decide, Execute”. No mention of John Boyd or the OODA. Inevitable discovery or theft? I don’t know…moving on.
While I am certain the CQC matter was thought of my the gunmen of the old west, their lack of education did not lend itself to writing books about such things. As well…the classification of what the fight was is also unknown. For example…if you hip shoot someone in the back while they are pissing, and initiate the fight that way, you won in spite of your technique and not because of it.
I suspect that many of the fights that had the old timers firing from combat crouches and below the eye-sight-line were those types of fights. If you have the initiative…in other words if you start the fight, it really doesn’t matter what you do does it? That does not make the technique the winner…but rather the fact you ambushed the guy.
We first hear of any sort of organized answer from Fairbairn. His works are intended for a very basic level and there isn’t much detail in the description of the various gunfights…other than there were many. He taught a sort of close quarters shooting position with the pistol where the arm was slightly extended as pictured above and fired. There is no mention of shooting while moving in any of his works that I recall. Most of his work involved bringing the weapon up to the eye-sight-line before shooting. And his material was watered down for ignorant conscripts with little interest or time in skill development.
The long gun CQC involved keeping the weapon back under the arm, parallel with the deck and again…in line with the eye. This was later adopted by Applegate. A few years later it was “rediscovered” by Chuck Taylor and vainly renamed – wait for it – the “Taylor Underarm Assault Position”.